Teacher | Student
Originally produced in: Polska
Also available in: en


1. Multiple-choice questionnaire:

I. Horace Vernet Image depicting the battle of the Pantheon during the “days of June” in Paris in 1848

1. A wave of uprisings in Europe, called the Spring of Nations was started by:
a. February revolution.
b. Revolution in Prussia and Austria.
c. The Hungarian uprising.
2. The cause of the outbreak of revolution in Paris in June 1848 was:
a. The appointment of the interim government of Lajos Kossuth.
b. The closure by the government of "national workshops".
c. The abdication of Emperor Ferdinand I.

II. Extract from the memories of Juliusz Falkowski titled Wspomnienia z roku 1848 i 1849 published in Poznan in 1879

3. The liberalization of political life and the dismissal of Chancellor Metternich were demands of revolutionaries in:
a. France.
b. Prussia.
c. Austria.
4. Under the impact of the revolution in Berlin, King Friedrich Wilhelm IV:
a. Convened the national assembly to develop a liberal constitution, appointed the liberal gov-ernment, introduced fundamental freedoms.
b. Asked Tsar Nicholas I to send in the Russian army.
c. Abdicated.

III. Film dedicated to Joseph Bem

5. Józef Bem was:
a. Field Marshal of the Russian army.
b. Polish general, a participant of the November Uprising and the commander in chief of the Hungarian uprising 1848 - 1849.
c. Participant of the Spring of Nations in France.
6. Hungarian uprising was crushed in August 1849, with help of:
a. Russian army commanded by Field Marshal Ivan Paskevitch.
b. The French army commanded by of General Louis Eugène Cavaignac.
c. Army of King Charles Albert of Sardinia.

Questions of synthesis

1. Present in a written form (approximately 200 words) the genesis of the March revolution of 1848 in the German states.
2. Write an essay (approximately 200 words) about the "Spring of Nations in France."

Questions of synthesis

1. Present in a written form (approximately 200 words) the genesis of the March Revolu-tion of 1848 in the German states

Students should take into account political, national, governmental and economic factors, which became the ground for outbreak of the revolution and then name the requests of Ger-man liberals.


  • Political, national, government, and economic conflicts.
  • Requests of German liberals.

2. Write an essay (approximately 200 words) about the "Spring of Nations in France".

Students should briefly describe the reasons for the outbreak of the revolution of February, discuss the requests of French revolutionaries, the February revolution, the cause of the June revolution, the course of “the days of June”, the results of the June revolution.

Key issues:

  • Reasons for the outbreak of the February revolution.
  • Requests of French liberals.
  • The February revolution.
  • Reasons for the June revolution.
  • Course of "the days of June".
  • Results of the June revolution.