Teacher | Student
Originally produced in: Österreich
Also available in: en

Curricular level

General educational and teaching tasks: Gaining insights into regional development in order to understand questions of land use and planning when taking economy and ecology into account. Develop tolerance towards others (e.g towards minorities).

Geography and Economics: 2nd Year (6th grade) – Cities and metropolitan areas in the world. Acquire basic information about cities using cartographic representations.

History and Social Studies: 3rd year (7th grade) – in economy and society:

Historical insights that play a role in the selection of topics: Explain current social, economic and cultural phenomena that have arisen from historical development. Österreich


As the capital of the Habsburg monarchy from the beginning of the 19th century until the outbreak of the First World War, Vienna experienced a huge increase in population. This affected both the city’s urban sprawl and population dynamics. In 1910 the population of Vienna was more than 2 million, but by 1980 had subsequently fallen by half a million. Parallel to the strong population growth, the settlement area of the city and its suburbs increased rapidly in size. While the basic structure of the city remained in place, the area between the city and the suburbs experienced a significant change.

A comparison between a photo taken at the end of the 18th century and a satellite image from 2000 clearly shows that the old urban structures are still recognisable today. Typical and characteristic of a plan of a European city is the development of zonular expansion and the inclusion of villages in its urban expansion.

At the turn of the 20th century, Vienna was a melting pot of people of different languages and origins. Subsequently, Czechs and Slovaks have been recognised as minorities in the Austrian state.

Conceptual Objectives


... will be able to understand the urban development of Vienna in the 19th century.

... can recognise by using images and maps how the core area of Vienna has developed and in what way the old city building structures in the contemporary cityscape have become visible.

... will learn from images how rapidly Vienna has developed in terms of population and settlement area, and be able to give reasons for this development.

... will be able to indicate using a map which regions in the former Habsburg monarchy many people migrated to Vienna from.

... will compare the motives of immigrants in the 19th century with those of immigrants today.

Methodological Objectives and Skills

Suggestion of Activities

Suggestion of Evaluation